5-6 “Talking About Past Possibilities”

Module 5, Unit 6

“Talking About Past Possibilities”

Base Sentences – (676-690)

676 What would you have done last night if you hadn’t had to study?

676 Что бы вы сделали прошлой ночью, если бы не было учиться?

677 I would have gone on the picnic if it hadn’t rained.

677 Я бы пошел на пикник, если не было дождя.

678 If you had gotten up earlier, you would have had time for breakfast.

678 Если вы встали раньше, вы бы успели на завтрак.

679 If I had had time, I would have called you.

679 Если у меня было время, я бы призвал вас.

680 Would he have seen you if you hadn’t waved to him?

680 Будет ли он видел вас, если вы не помахал ему рукой?

681 If he had only had enough money, he would have bought that house.

681 Если бы он только было достаточно денег, он бы купил этот дом.

682 I wish you had called me back the next day, as I had asked you to.

682 Я желаю вам перезвонил мне на следующий день, как я попросил вас.

683 If you hadn’t slipped and fallen, you wouldn’t have broken your leg.

683 Если бы ты не поскользнулся и упал, вы бы не сломали ногу.

684 If I had known you wanted to go, I would have called you.

684 Если бы я знал, что ты хотел пойти, я бы призвал вас.

685 Had I known you didn’t have a key, I wouldn’t have locked the door.

685 Если бы я знал, что ты меня не было ключа, я бы не запер дверь.

686 She would have gone with me, but she didn’t have time.

686 Она пошла бы со мной, но у нее не было времени.

687 If I had asked for directions, I wouldn’t have gotten lost.

687 Если бы я спросил дорогу, я бы не заблудился.

688 Even if we could have taken a vacation, we might not have wanted to.

688 Даже если бы мы могли бы взять отпуск, мы, возможно, не хотел.

689 Everything would have been all right if you hadn’t said that.

689 Все было бы хорошо, если бы ты не сказал, что.

690 Looking back on it, I wish we hadn’t given in so easily.

690 Оглядываясь назад, я желаю, чтобы мы не дали так легко.

Verb Study

1. wave =

(A) Would he have seen you it you hadn’t waved to him? (B) I waved good-bye to her at the airport. (C) Who is that man over there? He’s waving to us. (D) My little daughter always waves to people when they wave to her. (E) Who are you waving to? (A) Будет ли он видел ты его не помахал ему рукой? (B) Я махнул до свидания ее в аэропорту. (C) Кто этот человек там? Он машет нам. (D) Моя маленькая дочь всегда волны для людей, когда они помахать ей. (E) С кем ты махал?

2. give in =

(A) Looking back on it, I wish we hadn’t given in so easily. (B) Why don’t you give in? (C) My son wanted to go to the party, and I finally gave in and said ‘yes’. (D) Did you finally give in and tell him he could go? (E) He usually gives in and takes me out to dinner when I want to go. (A) Оглядываясь назад, я желаю, чтобы мы не дали так легко. (Б) Почему бы вам не дать в? (C) Мой сын хотел пойти на вечеринку, и я, наконец, сдался и сказал «да». (D) Вы, наконец, дать и сказать ему, что он мог пойти? (E) Он обычно дает и берет меня на ужин, когда я хочу пойти.

3. had had, had said, had known, had had to =

(A) If I had had time, I would have called you. (B) Had I had time, I would have called you. (C) Everything would have been all right if you hadn’t said that. (D) If you had said you wanted to go, I would have waited for you. (E) If I had known you wanted to go, I would have gone by your house. (F) Had she known that I was going, she would have gone with me. (G) If you hadn’t had to study, what would you have done last night? (H) If I had had to pay for the car, I would have had to borrow money. (А) Если у меня было время, я бы призвал вас. (B) Если бы у меня было время, я бы призвал вас. (C) Все было бы хорошо, если бы ты не сказал, что. (D) Если бы ты сказала, что хочешь идти, я бы ждал тебя. (E) Если бы я знал, что ты хотел пойти, я бы пошел по вашим домом. (F) Если бы она знала, что я собираюсь, она пошла бы со мной. (G) Если бы ты не был изучить, что бы вы делали прошлой ночью? (H) Если бы я должен был заплатить за машину, я должен был бы занимать деньги.

4. would have had, would have bought, would have broken =

(A) You would have had time for breakfast if you had gotten up earlier. (B) Wouldn’t you have had time to study if you had gotten up at 6 a.m.? (C) He would have bought that house, if he had only had enough money. (D) She wouldn’t have bought that house even if she had had enough money. (E) If you hadn’t fallen down, you wouldn’t have broken your leg. (F) Would you have broken your arm if you hadn’t slipped and fallen? (A) Вы было бы время, для завтрак, если вы встали ранее. (B) Не было бы у вас были время, чтобы изучить, если вы встали в 6 часов утра? (C) Он бы купил этот дом,, если бы он только было достаточно денег,. (D) Она бы не купил этот дом Даже если бы она было достаточно денег,. (E) Если бы ты не упали вниз, вы не были бы разбил твое ноге. (F) А вдруг ты бы разбил твое руку если бы ты не поскользнулся и упал?

Word/Phrase Sentence Substitution Drills

1a What would you have done last night if you hadn’t had to study?

1b What would you have done last night if you hadn’t had to work?

1c What would you have done last night if you hadn’t had to stay home?

1d What would you have done last night if you hadn’t had to wash your hair?

1e What would you have done last night if you hadn’t had to do your laundry?

1f What would you have done last night if you hadn’t had to go to the banquet?

2a I would have gone on the picnic if it hadn’t rained.

2b I would have gone on the picnic if I had known about it.

2c I would have gone on the picnic if there had been time to get ready.

2d I would have gone on the picnic if you had told me about it earlier.

2e I would have gone on the picnic if I had realized you were going.

3a If you had gotten up earlier, you would have had time for breakfast.

3b If you had not slept so late, you would have had time for breakfast.

3c If you had set your alarm, you would have had time for breakfast.

3d If you had awakened in time, you would have had time for breakfast.

3e If you had hurried up, you would have had time for breakfast.

3f If you had gotten dressed faster, you would have had time for breakfast.

4a If I had had time, I would have called you.

4b If I had had time, I would have gone on the picnic.

4c If I had had time, I would have run some errands for you.

4d If I had had time, I would have seen all my old friends.

4e If I had had time, I would have visited all the museums.

5a Would he have seen you if you hadn’t (have) waved to him?

5b Would he have seen you if you hadn’t (have) shouted to him?

5c Would he have seen you if you hadn’t (have) introduced yourself to him?

6a If he had only had enough money, he would have bought that house.

6b If he had only had enough money, he would have made the trip.

6c If he had only had enough money, he would have paid cash for the car.

6d If he had only had enough money, he would have made a lump-sum payment.

7a I wish you had called me back the next day, as I had asked you to.

7b I wish you had stayed in bed the next day, as I had asked you to.

7c I wish you had gone on the trip the next day, as I had asked you to.

7d I wish you had finished your work the next day, as I had asked you to.

8a If you hadn’t slipped and fallen, you wouldn’t have broken your leg.

8b If you hadn’t slipped and fallen, there wouldn’t be any broken bones.

8c If you hadn’t slipped and fallen, you’d be all right now.

8d If you hadn’t slipped and fallen, you wouldn’t have sprained your ankle.

9a If I had known you wanted to go, I would have called you.

9b If I had known you wanted to go, I would have invited you.

9c If I had known you wanted to go, I would have included you.

9d If I had known you wanted to go, I would have asked you.

10a Had I known you didn’t have a key, I wouldn’t have locked the door.

10b Had I known you didn’t have time, I wouldn’t have bothered you.

10c Had I known you didn’t have any money, I wouldn’t have married you.

10d Had I known you didn’t have training, I wouldn’t have hired you.

10e Had I known you didn’t have money, I wouldn’t have sold you the car.

11a She would have gone with me, but she didn’t have time.

11b She would have gone with me, except she didn’t have time.

11c She would have gone with me, except for the fact that she didn’t have time.

11d She would have gone with me, if it hadn’t been that she didn’t have time.

12a If we had asked for directions, I wouldn’t have gotten lost.

12b If we had asked for directions, I wouldn’t have lost my way.

12c If we had asked for directions, I wouldn’t have taken the wrong road.

12d If we had asked for directions, I wouldn’t have gone the wrong way.

13a Even if we could have taken a vacation, we might not have wanted to.

13b Even if we could have gone on the picnic, we might not have wanted to.

13c Even if we could have bought a new car, we might not have wanted to.

13d Even if we could have enrolled in a class, we might not have wanted to.

13e Even if we could have attended the banquet, we might not have wanted to.

14a Everything would have been all right if you hadn’t said that.

14b Everything would have been agreeable if you hadn’t said that.

14c Everything would have been acceptable if you hadn’t said that.

14d Everything would have been settled if you hadn’t said that.

14e Everything would have been resolved if you hadn’t said that.

14f Everything would have been perfect if you hadn’t said that.

15a Looking back on it, I wish we hadn’t given in so easily.

15b Now that I think about it, I wish we hadn’t given in so easily.

15c Looking at it now, I wish we hadn’t given in so easily.

15d Come to think of it, I wish we hadn’t given in so easily.

15e Thinking it over carefully, I wish we hadn’t given in so easily.

16a I took my vacation last winter. I went to florida.

16b I wish I had taken my vacation last winter. I would have gone to florida.

17a I can go with you on the picnic. We’ll have a good time.

17b I wish I could go with you on the picnic. We would have a good time.

17c I wish I could have gone with you on the picnic. We would have had a good time.

Reading Practice

The two girls sat drinking their coffee without talking. Finally, Judy asked, “What would you have done if this had happened to you?” Betty drank some more coffee before she answered. “If this had happened to me, I’d have told Steve exactly what I thought of him. I wouldn’t have been so nice to him.” Две девушки сидели пили кофе без разговоров. Наконец, Джуди спросила: “Что бы вы сделали, если бы это случилось с тобой?” Бетти выпила еще кофе, прежде чем ответить. “Если бы это случилось со мной, я бы сказал Стиву, именно то, что я думал о нем. Я не был бы так хорошо с ним. “

“If I’d had enough time to think about it,” Judy agreed, “I’d have given him an argument for causing me so much inconvenience.” “Если бы у меня было достаточно времени, чтобы подумать об этом”, Джуди согласилась: “Я бы дал ему аргумент для чего мне столько неудобств”.

They were discussing what had happened that morning. Steve had asked Judy to go to the school dance with him on Saturday night, and she had accepted. Now, it seemed, he wouldn’t be able to go. Они обсуждали, что случилось в то утро. Стив спросил Джуди, чтобы пойти в школу танцев с ним в субботу вечером, и она согласилась. Теперь, казалось, он не сможет пойти.

“He should have told me sooner,” Judy said. “I might have been able to go with someone else.” I wouldn’t have had to stay home while everyone else went to the dance.” “Он должен был сказать мне раньше”, сказала Джуди. “Я, возможно, был в состоянии пойти с кем-то еще.” Я не должен был бы остаться дома, а все остальные пошли на танцы “.

“You could have gone with Charles,” Betty reminded her. “Yes, but it’s too late now,” Judy said. “You’d think that when a boy had invited you to the biggest dance of the year, he’d have realized how important it was.” “Вы могли бы пойти с Чарльзом,” Бетти напомнила ей. “Да, но это уже слишком поздно”, сказала Джуди. “Можно подумать, что когда мальчик пригласил вас на больших танцевальных года, он бы понял, насколько важно это было.”

Betty agreed. “That’s right. If he hadn’t slipped and fallen, you wouldn’t have this problem. He should have broken his leg some other time.” Бетти согласилась. “Это верно. Если бы он не поскользнулся и упал, у вас не будет этой проблемы. Он должен был сломал ногу в другой раз.”

Questions

1. Why is Judy so unhappy?

2. What’s the matter with Steve?

3. Do you think Judy should have given him an argument? y

4. What would you have done if you had been Steve?

5. Why can’t Judy go to the dance with ssomeone else?

Conversation

STELLA: Don’t worry about it, Stanley. There’s nothing we can do now. STANLEY: I can’t help it, Stella. If I’d been thinking, this wouldn’t have happened. STELLA: We all make mistakes. I see no point in standing here talking about it. STANLEY: If I hadn’t gone on that trip, I wouldn’t have forgotten about it. STELLA: It’s not really your fault. I didn’t remember, either. STANLEY: There’s no excuse for it, Stella. I had known about it for several weeks. STELLA: Well, it’s too late to do anything now. STANLEY: If we had written it down on the calendar, we wouldn’t have made this mistake. STELLA: We can do that next time, but it won’t help us now. Let’s go home. STANLEY: I guess you’re right. Next time I buy tickets for the theater, I’ll be sure to look at the date. Then we’ll go on the right day instead of a day late.

Word List

acceptable

agreeable

alarm

bone

carefully

cash

easily

even

key

lump-sum

museum

training

VERB FORMS

enroll

give in

hurry up

introduce

look back (on)

lose, lost (p. and p. part.)

shout

sell, sold (p. and p. part.)

sprain

wave

EXPRESSIONS

come to think of it

do the laundry

get lost

lose (one’s) way

Supplementary Word List

(Conversation and Reading Practice)

excuse

fault

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