6-2 “Geography and Land Features”

Module 6, Unit 2

“Geography and Land Features”

Base Sentences – (766-780)

766 Geographically, this country is located in the southern hemisphere.

766 Географически эта страна расположена в южном полушарии.

767 It’s a beautiful country with many large lakes.

767 Это красивая страна с большим количеством крупных озер.

768 This part of the country is very mountainous.

768 В этой части страны очень гористая.

769 The land in this region is dry and parched.

769 земли в этой области сухой и сушеные.

770 Along the northern coast there are many high cliffs.

770 вдоль северного побережья есть много высоких скал.

771 There are forests here, and lumbering is important.

771 Есть здесь леса, лесопиление и важно.

772 The scenery is beautiful near the Pacific Ocean.

772 Пейзаж красивый вблизи Тихого океана.

773 This mountain range has many high peaks and deep canyons.

773 Этот горный массив имеет много высоких пиков и в глубоких оврагах.

774 What kind of climate do you have? Is it mild?

774 Какой климат у вас есть? Это мягкий?

775 How far is it from the shore of the Atlantic to the mountains?

775 Как это далеко от берегов Атлантики до гор?

776 Is the coastal plain good for farming?

776 Является прибрежной равнине хорошо для земледелия?

777 What’s the longest river in the United States?

777 Какая самая длинная река в Соединенных Штатах?

778 Are most of the lakes located in the north central region?

778 ли большинство озер, расположенных на севере центрального региона?

779 As you travel westward, does the land get higher?

779 В ходе поездки на запад, делает землю получить высшее?

780 The weather is warm and sunny here. Do you get much rain?

780 погода погода теплая и солнечная. Вы получаете много дождей?

Verb Study

1. be located (in) =

(A) Geographically, this country is located in the southern hemisphere. (B) Wasn’t that company located in New York in 1953? (C) Our new cultural center will be located here. (D) In the 17th century, where was the capital located? (E) Most of the lakes are located in the north central region. (A) Географически эта страна расположена в южном полушарии. (B) не было, что компания, расположенная в Нью-Йорке в 1953 году? (C) Наш новый культурный центр будет расположен здесь. (D) В 17 веке, где была столица находится? (E) Большинство озер расположены в северо-центральной части региона.

2. travel =

(A) As you travel westward, does the land get higher? (B) Last year I traveled to the Far East. (C) She travels from New York to Washington about once a week. (D) Do you like to travel? (E) He enjoys traveling, but I prefer to stay home. (F) How far did you travel last year? (A) В ходе поездки на запад, делает землю получить высшее? (B) В прошлом году я поехал на Дальний Восток. (C) Она едет из Нью-Йорка в Вашингтон, примерно раз в неделю. (D) Вы любите путешествовать? (E) Он любит путешествовать, но я предпочитаю остаться дома. (F) Как далеко вы путешествуете в прошлом году?

3. get =

(A) After traveling all summer, I was glad to get home. (B) As we travel westward, you will notice that the land is getting higher. (C) I don’t think it really gets higher; it just seems higher. (D) Did you get lost in the mountains? (E) We got a lot of rain last year, but we haven’t gotten much rain this year. (F) Had I gotten over my illness in time, I would have gone on the trip with you. (G) Had we gotten tickets earlier, we would have gone by plane. (А) После путешествия все лето, я был рад вернуться домой. (В), как мы едем на запад, вы заметите, что земля становится все выше. (C) Я не думаю, что это действительно становится выше, это только кажется, выше. (D) Вы заблудились в горах? (E) Мы получили много дождей в прошлом году, но мы не получили много дождей в этом году. (F) Если бы я получил за мою болезнь во времени, я бы пошел на поездку с вами. (G) Если бы мы получили билеты ранее, мы пошли бы на самолете.

4. farm =

(A) Is the coastal plain good for farming? (B) It’s good for farming, but farming isn’t the most important industry around here. (C) If the people don’t farm this land, what do they do with it? (D) Most of the area is used for raising cattle, but some of the people farm their land. (А) прибрежной равнине хорошо для земледелия? (B) Это хорошо для сельского хозяйства, но сельское хозяйство не самая важная отрасль здесь. (C) Если люди не обрабатывать эту землю, что они делают с ним? (D) Большая часть территории используется для выращивания крупного рогатого скота, но некоторые люди, обрабатывать свои земли.

Word/Phrase Substitution Drills

1a Geographically, this country is located in the southern hemisphere.

1b Geographically, this country is located in the northern hemisphere.

1c Geographically, this country is located on the continent of Europe.

1d Geographically, this country is located on the continent of Africa.

1e Geographically, this country is located on the continent of Asia.

2a It’s a beautiful country with many large lakes.

2b It’s a beautiful country with several chains of mountains.

2c It’s a beautiful country with many large rivers.

2d It’s a beautiful country with forests, mountains and desert.

2e It’s a beautiful country with scenic mountain areas.

3a This part of the country is very mountainous.

3b This part of the country is very hilly.

3c This part of the country is very flat.

3d This part of the country is very stony.

3e This part of the country is very heavily populated.

4a The land in this region is dry and parched.

4b The land in this region is arid.

4c The land in this region is semi-arid.

4d The land in this region is fertile farmland.

5a Along the northern coast there are many high-cliffs.

5b Along the northern coast there are many deep harbors.

5c Along the northern coast there are many ports.

5d Along the northern coast there are many good harbors and port cities.

5e Along the northern coast there are many forests.

6a There are forests here and lumbering is important.

6b There are oil wells here and petroleum is important.

6c There are streams here and fishing is important.

7a The scenery is beautiful near the Pacific Ocean.

7b The scenery is gorgeous near the Pacific Ocean.

7c The scenery is spectacular near the Pacific Ocean.

7d The scenery is breath-taking near the Pacific Ocean.

7e The scenery is unbelievably beautiful near the Pacific Ocean.

8a This mountain range has many high peaks and deep canyons.

8b This mountain range has many high peaks and swift rivers.

8c This mountain range has many high peaks and fertile valleys.

9a What kind of climate do you have? Is it mild?

9b What kind of climate do you have? Is it tropical?

9c What kind of climate do you have? Is it warm and dry?

9d What kind of climate do you have? Is it cold and humid?

9e What kind of climate do you have? Is it severe?

9f What kind of climate do you have? Is it moist?

10a How far is it from the shore of the Atlantic to the mountains?

10b How far is it from the mountain range to the open plains?

10c How far is it from the high plateau area to the fertile farmland?

10d How far is it from the cool forests to the hot desert areas?

10e How far is it from the coastline to the foothills?

11a Is the coastal plain good for farming?

11b Is the coastal plain good for raising cattle?

11c Is the coastal plain good for growing crops?

11d Is the coastal plain good for oil prospecting?

11e Is the coastal plain good for urban development?

12a What’s the longest river in the United States?

12b What’s the highest mountain in the United States?

12c What’s the coldest region in the United States?

12d What’s the hottest area in the United States?

12e What’s the largest industrial center in the United States?

13a Are most of the lakes located in the north central region?

13b Are most of the lakes located in the northeastern region?

13c Are most of the lakes located in the northwestern region?

13d Are most of the lakes located in the south central region?

13e Are most of the lakes located in the southwestern region?

13f Are most of the lakes located in the southeastern region?

14a As you travel westward does the land get higher?

14b As you travel eastward does the land get drier?

14c As you travel northward does the land get more fertile?

14d As you travel southward does the land get less fertile?

15a The weather is warm and sunny here. Do you get much rain?

15b The weather is warm and sunny here. Do you suffer from the heat?

15c The weather is warm and sunny here. Do you live in comfort the whole year?

15d The weather is warm and sunny here. Do you get much cold weather?

15e The weather is warm and sunny here. Do you get any snowfall at all?

Reading Practice

The geographical location of a country and its physical characteristics are very important to its development and progress. The United States is very fortunate in this respect. Географическое положение страны и ее физические характеристики очень важны для его развития и прогресса.Соединенные Штаты очень повезло в этом отношении.

First of all, it has a good climate. In almost all sections of the country it is possible to live comfortably during the whole year. It is true that in the south it sometimes gets very hot, and in the north very cold. But the people who live in these regions become accustomed to the climate and never suffer very much when the weather is either very hot or very cold. Прежде всего, он имеет хорошую климата. Почти во всех частях страны можно жить комфортно в течение всего года. Это правда, что на юге он иногда становится очень жарко, а на севере очень холодно. Но люди, которые живут в этих регионах привыкли к климату и не очень страдаю, когда погода или очень горячей или очень холодной.

In a large country there is usually a great variety of different physical characteristics. In the United States, there are wide plains and high mountains, thousands of lakes and rivers of all sizes, cool forests and hot deserts, and a coastline several thousand miles long. В большой стране, как правило, большое разнообразие различных физических характеристик. В Соединенных Штатах, Есть широкие равнины и высокие горы, тысячи рек и озер всех размеров, прохладные леса и жаркие пустыни и побережьем несколько тысяч километров.

The many lakes and rivers, as well as the long coastline, have been of great importance to the development of the country, since they made possible the easy transportation of people and all the things people need. Transportation by water is still necessary and important. In modern times, however, trains, automobiles, trucks and airplanes are doing much of the work which was formerly done by ships and boats. Много рек и озер, а также береговой линии, имели большое значение для развития страны, так как они сделали возможным легко перевозки людей и все, что нужно людям. Перевозки воды по-прежнему необходимы и важны. В наше время, однако, поездов, автомобилей, грузовиков и самолетов делают большую часть работы, которая ранее была сделана кораблей и катеров.

Questions

1. In what respect is the United States very fortunate?

2. What can you say about the climate in the United States?

3. What kind of climate do you have in your country?

4. What are the principal physical characteristics of the United States? Of your country?

5. Why are rivers and lakes important?

6. Are there many rivers and lakes in your country? Does your country have a coastline?

7 What is used for transportation in modern times?

Word List

arid

breath-taking

canyon

cattle

cliff

coastal

coastline

comfort

continent

crop

deep

desert

eastward

farmland

fertile

fishing

foothills

forest

gorgeous

harbor

heavily

hemisphere

high

hilly

humid

less

lumbering

moist

mountainous

mountain range

northeastern

northern

northward

northwestern

ocean

oil prospecting

oil well

parched

peak

plain

plateau

populated

port

rain

scenery

scenic

semi-arid

severe

shore

snowfall

southeastern

southern

southward

southwestern

spectacular

stony

stream

swift

tropical

urban

valley

westward

Verb Forms

farm

grow

raise

suffer

Expressions

be located

chain of mountains

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