6-3 “Schools and Education”

Module 6, Unit 3
“Schools and Education”

Base Sentences – (781-795)

781 Children enter school at the age of five, don’t they?
781 Дети идут в школу в возрасте до пяти лет, не так ли?
782 In elementary school, the child learns to read and write.
782 В начальной школе ребенок учится читать и писать.
783 In secondary school, children get more advanced knowledge.
783 В средней школе дети получают более глубокими знаниями.
784 In universities, students train to become teachers and engineers.
784 в университетах, студенты тренироваться, чтобы стать учителями и инженерами.
785 He went to grade school in New York and high school in Chicago.
785 Он пошел в начальную школу в Нью-Йорке и средней школы в Чикаго.
786 In college I majored in science. What was your major?
786 В колледже я специализировался в области науки. Какова была ваша специальность?
787 My sister graduated from high school. Graduation was last night.
787 Моя сестра окончила среднюю школу. Выпускной был прошлой ночью.
788 I’m a graduate of Yale University. I have a Bachelor of Arts, degree.
788 Я выпускник Йельского университета. У меня есть степень бакалавра искусств, степень.
789 If you expect to enter the university, you should apply now.
789 Если вы планируете поступать в университет, вы должны подать заявку.
790 This is my first year of college. I’m a freshman.
790 Это мой первый год в колледже. Я на первом курсе.
791 My uncle is a high school principal.
791 Мой дядя является директор школы.
792 What kind of grades did you make in college?
792 Какие классы вы сделали в колледже?
793 During your first year of college, did you make straight A’s?
793 в течение первого года обучения в колледже, вы сделали это прямо?
794 My brother is a member of the faculty. He teaches economics.
794 Мой брат является членом факультета. Он преподает экономику.
795 John has extracurricular activities. He’s on the football team.
795 У Джона есть внеклассных мероприятий. Он на футбольную команду.

Verb Study

1. enter =

(A) Children enter kindergarten at the age of five don’t they? (B) My daughter enters the first grade this year. (C) John entered the university two years ago. (D) If you had entered college this year, would you be a freshman? (E) Our bus is entering New York city now. (A) Дети посещения детского сада в возрасте до пяти лет не так ли? (B) Моя дочь поступает в первый класс в этом году. (C) Джон поступил в университет два года назад. (D) Если бы ты поступил в колледж в этом году, вы были бы на первом курсе? (E) Наш автобус вступает Нью-Йорке сейчас.

2. learn (to) =

(A) In elementary school, the pupil learns to read and write. (B) What did you learn to do today? (C) Last year they learned to ride a bicycle. (D) I’m learning to speak a foreign language. (E) Didn’t you ever learn to drive a car? (A) В начальной школе, ученик учится читать и писать. (B) Чему вы научились делать сегодня? (C) В прошлом году они научился ездить на велосипеде. (D) Я учусь говорить на иностранном языке. (E) Ты никогда не научиться водить машину?

3. read, write =

(A) In elementary school, children learn to read and write, don’t they? (B) That little boy reads and writes very well for his age. (C) The students have already read the questions. Now they’re writing their answers. (D) I read my mail and then wrote some letters. (A) В начальной школе дети учатся читать и писать, не так ли? (В), маленький мальчик читает и пишет очень хорошо для своего возраста. (C) студенты уже прочитали вопросы. Теперь они пишут свои ответы. (D) я читал мою почту, а потом написал несколько писем.

4. train, teach =

(A) In colleges, students train to become doctors and engineers. (B) He’s been trained as a teacher. (C) My brother teaches economics. (D) He has taught on the faculty for nearly twenty years. (E) Mr. Cooper is teaching French. English is taught by Mr. Jones. (A) В колледжей, студентам тренироваться, чтобы стать врачами и инженерами. (B) Он был обучен в качестве преподавателя. (C) Мой брат преподает экономику. (D) Он преподавал на факультете в течение почти двадцати лет. (E) г-н Купер преподавания французского языка. Английский язык преподается г-н Джонс.

5. major (in) =

(A) In college I majored in science. What was your major? (B) I’m majoring in music. (C) When my father was in college, he majored in economics. (D) If she majors in French, I’m sure she’ll become a teacher. (A) В колледже я специализировался в области науки. Какова была ваша специальность? (B) Я по специальности в музыке. (C) Когда мой отец учился в колледже, он специализировался в области экономики. (D) Если она специальностям на французском языке, я уверен, что она станет учителем.

6. graduate (from) =

(A) My sister graduated from high school, and then went to college. (B) I’m going to graduate from college next year. (C) As soon as he graduates, he’s going to get a job. (D) Isn’t John graduating from college in June? (A) Моя сестра окончила среднюю школу, а затем поступил в колледж. (B) я собираюсь окончить колледж в следующем году. (C) Как только он заканчивает, он собирается получить работу. (Г) не Джон окончания колледжа в июне?

7. expect to =

(A) If you expect to enter college in the fall, you should apply now. (B) Are you expecting to get good grades this year? (C) I expected my brother to go to college, but he didn’t. (D) If you had expected to enter college, you should have registered. (A) Если вы планируете поступать в колледж в падении, вы должны подать заявку. (B) вы ожидаете получить хорошие оценки в этом году? (C), я ожидал моего брата пойти в колледж, но он этого не сделал. (D) Если вы ожидали, поступить в колледж, вы должны зарегистрироваться.

Word Substitution Drills

1a Children enter school at the age of five, don’t they?
1b Children enter kindergarten at the age of five, don’t they?
1c Children enter grade school at the age of five, don’t they?
1d Children enter elementary school at the age of five, don’t they?
1e Children enter the first grade at the age of five, don’t they?
1f Children enter pre-school classes at the age of five, don’t they?
1g Children enter nursery school at the age of five, don’t they?
2a In elementary school, the child learns to read and write.
2b In elementary school, the child learns to work with numbers.
2c In elementary school, the child learns to study.
3a In secondary school, children get more advanced knowledge.
3b In secondary school, children study mathematics, physics and chemistry.
3c In secondary school, children study history, geography and government.
3d In secondary school, children begin to concentrate on special interests.
4a In universities, students train to become teachers and engineers.
4b In universities, students train to become lawyers and dentists.
4c In universities, students train to become doctors and nurses.
5a He went to grade school in New York and high school in Chicago.
5b He went to grade school in New York and vocational school in Chicago.
5c He went to grade school in New York and an electronics school in Chicago.
5d He went to grade school in New York and a trade school in Chicago.
5e He went to grade school in New York and a private academy in Chicago.
6a In college I majored in science. What was your major?
6b In college I majored in math. What was your major?
6c In college I majored in physics. What was your major?
6d In college I majored in languages. What was your major?
6e In college I majored in history. What was your major?
6f In college I majored in economics. What was your major?
6h In college I majored in philosophy. What was your major?
7a My sister graduated from high school. Graduation was last night.
7b My sister graduated from college. Commencement was last night.
7c My sister graduated from a private school. The ceremony was last night.
8a I’m a graduate of Yale University. I have a Bachelor of Arts degree.
8b I’m a graduate of Yale University. I have a B.A. degree.
8c I’m a graduate of Yale University. I have a Bachelor of Science degree.
8d I’m a graduate of Yale University. I have a Master of Arts degree.
8e I’m a graduate of Yale University. I have an M.S. degree.
8f I’m a graduate of Yale University. I have a Doctor of Philosophy degree.
8h I’m a graduate of Yale University. I have a Ph.D. degree.
9a Do you have a high school diploma?
9b Do you have a special diploma?
9c Do you have special credentials?
9d Do you have a college degree?
9e Do you have an honorary degree?
10a If you expect to enter the university, you should apply now.
10b If you expect to enter the university, you should register now.
10c If you expect to enter the university, you should make an application now.
10d If you expect to enter the university, you should go to the registrar’s office now.
10e If you expect to enter the university, you should enroll now.
11a This is my first year of college. I’m a freshman.
11b This is my second year of college. I’m a sophomore.
11c This is my third year of college. I’m a junior.
11d This is my fourth year of college. I’m a senior.
11e This is my third year of college. I’m an upperclassman.
11f This is my second year of college. I’m a lowerclassman.
12a My uncle is a high school principle. Do you know him?
12b My uncle is an elementary school head. Do you know him?
12c My uncle is a college president. Do you know him?
12d My uncle is a university dean. Do you know him?
12e My uncle is a gradulate lecturer. Do you know him?
12f My uncle is a faculty professor. Do you know him?
13a What kind of grades did you make in college?
13b What kind of grades did you make during your early school years?
13c What kind of grades did you make through high school?
13d What kind of grades did you make in your junior high school years?
14a During your first year of college, did you make straight A’s?
14b During your first year of college, did you make a B average?
14c During your first year of college, did you make many C’s?
14d During your first year of college, did you make the honor roll?
14e During your first year of college, did you make good grades?
14f During your first year of college, did you make poor grades?
15a My brother is a member of the faculty. He teaches economics.
15b My brother is a member of the faculty. He teaches psychology.
15c My brother is a member of the faculty. He teaches pathology.
15d My brother is a member of the faculty. He teaches computer mathematics.
15e My brother is a member of the faculty. He teaches civil engineering.
15f My brother is a member of the faculty. He teaches electrical engineering.
16a John has extracurricular activities. He’s on the football team.
16b John has extracurricular activities. He’s president of his class.
16c John has extracurricular activities. He’s in the school band.
16d John has extracurricular activities. He’s editor of the school paper.
16e John has extracurricular activities. He’s active in sports.

Reading Practice

Life in the twentieth century demands preparation. Today, all individuals in a country must have adequate schooling to prepare them for their work as well as for their responsibilities as citizens. With this in mind, national leaders everywhere are placing more emphasis on the education of the young. Жизни в двадцатом веке требует подготовки. Сегодня все люди в стране должны иметь доступ к школьному образованию, чтобы подготовить их к работе, а также для их обязанности как граждан. Имея это в виду, национальных лидеров во всем мире уделяют больше внимания воспитанию молодежи.

In the United States, government officials, parents, and teachers are working hard to give the children—tomorrow’s decision makers—the best preparation available. В Соединенных Штатах, правительственные чиновники, родители и учителя прилагают все усилия, чтобы дать решение детей-завтрашние производители-лучшая подготовка доступны.

There is no national school policy in the United States. Each of the fifty states makes its own rules and regulations for its schools, but there are many similarities among the fifty school systems. Там нет национальной политики школы в Соединенных Штатах. Каждый из пятидесяти штатов делает свои собственные правила и положения для своих школ, но есть много сходств среди пятидесяти школ.

Public schools in all states are supported by taxes paid by the citizens of the individual state. In most states the children are required to attend school until they reach the age of sixteen. When they become six years old, children begin elementary school. Государственные школы во всех штатах поддерживаются налогов, уплачиваемых гражданами отдельных государств. В большинстве штатов дети обязаны посещать школу до достижения им возраста шестнадцати лет. Когда они становятся шесть лет, дети начинают начальной школе.

After six years in elementary school, they go into junior high school and remain there for three years. The last three years of their public school education are spent in senior high school, from which they graduate at the age of eighteen. После шести лет в начальной школе, они идут в младших классах средней школы и оставаться там в течение трех лет. За последние три года их государственного школьного образования проводятся в старших классах средней школы, из которых они получают высшее образование в возрасте до восемнадцати лет.

A great number of high school graduates continue their education in one of the many colleges or universities in the country. After four years, they receive a bachelor’s degree. Some continue studying for a master’s degree and perhaps a doctor’s degree. Большое количество выпускников средней школы продолжают свое образование в одном из многих колледжей или университетов в стране. После четырех лет, они получают степень бакалавра. Некоторые продолжают обучение на степень магистра и, возможно, степень доктора.

Questions

1. At what age does a child in the United States enter elementary school?
2. Are public schools in the United States free to the students? Why?
3. How long does the law require that a student go to school in most states?
4. At what age do most students graduate from high school?
5. Why is education so important today?

Word List

academy
active
activity
average
band
chemistry
civil engineering
college
commencement
computer mathematics
credentials
dean
degree
diploma
early
economics
editor
electrical engineering
electronics
elementary school
extracurricular
faculty
football
freshman
grade
grade school
graduate
graduation
high school
honorary
honor roll
interests
junior
junior high school
kindergarten
knowledge
lecturer
lowerclassman
major
math
member
nursery school
paper
pathology
philosophy
physics
poor
pre-school
principal
psychology
registrar
science
secondary school
senior
sophomore
special
sports
trade school
upperclassman
vocational school

VERB FORMS

concentrate
enter
graduate (from)
major (in)
register
teach, taught (p. and p. part.)
train

UNIVERSITY DEGREES

B.A. = Bachelor of Arts “I have a Bachelor of Arts in history.”
B.S. = Bachelor of Science “My father has a Bachelor of Science in Electrical Engineering.”
M.A. = Master of Arts ”
M.S. = Master of Science “I completed my Master’s Thesis in …”
Ph.D. = Doctor of Philosophy “If you want your Ph.D. you have to complete your doctoral dissertation.”

Expressions

make grades  “What grades did you make this semester?”
make straight A’s   “My brother made straight A’s last year.”

Advertisements

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out / Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out / Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out / Change )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out / Change )

Connecting to %s