6-4 “Work and Careers”

Module 6, Unit 4

“Work and Careers”

Base Sentences – (769-810)

796 I’m a federal employee. I work for the Department of Labor.

796 Я федеральный сотрудника. Я работаю в министерстве труда.

797 What kind of work do you do? Are you a salesman?

797 Какую работу вы будете делать? Вы продавец?

798 As soon as I complete my training, I’m going to be a bank teller.

798 Как только я закончу обучение, я собираюсь быть кассиром банка.

799 John has built up his own business. He owns a hotel.

799 Джон создал свой собственный бизнес. Он владеет отелем.

800 What do you want to be when you grow up? Have you decided yet?

800 Что ты хочешь стать, когда вырастешь? Вы уже решили, все же?

801 I like painting, but I wouldn’t want it to be my life’s work.

801 Я люблю живопись, но я не хотел бы, чтобы это было делом всей моей жизни.

802 Have you ever thought about a career in the medical profession?

802 Вы никогда не думали о карьере в медицинской профессии?

803 My uncle was a pilot with the airlines. He just retired.

803 Мой дядя был пилотом с авиакомпаниями. Он только что ушел.

804 My brother’s in the army. He was just promoted to the rank of major.

804 Мой брат в армии. Он просто повышен до звания майора.

805 I have a good-paying job with excellent hours.

805 У меня есть хорошо оплачиваемую работу с отличным часов.

806 My sister worked as a secretary before she got married.

806 Моя сестра работала секретарем, прежде чем она вышла замуж.

807 George’s father is an attorney. He has his own practice.

807 Отец Георгия является адвокатом. Он имеет свою собственную практику.

808 He always takes pride in his work. He’s very efficient.

808 Он всегда гордится своей работой. Он очень эффективный.

809 Mr. Smith is a politician. He’s running for election as governor.

809 Г-н Смит является политиком. Он бежит для избрания в качестве губернатора.

810 After a successful career in business, he was appointed ambassador.

810 После успешной карьеры в бизнесе, он был назначен послом.

Verb Study

1. work =

(A) I work for the Department of Labor. (B) I’ve worked here for more than fifteen years. (C) My sister works for the airlines. She’s a secretary. (D) I’m working late tonight. (А) Я работаю на Министерство труда. (B) я работал здесь в течение более пятнадцати лет. (C) Моя сестра работает в авиакомпании. Она секретарь. (D) я работаю допоздна.

2. complete =

(A) When I complete my training, I’m going to be a bank teller. (B) Betty Cole completed her work late last night. (C) If he completes his training, he’s going to be a doctor. (D) I’m completing my training this month. (A) по завершении учебы в подготовке, я собираюсь быть кассира банка. (B) Бетти Коул завершил свою работу вчера поздно вечером. (C) Если он завершает свое обучение, он собирается стать врачом. (D) я заканчиваю обучение в этом месяце.

3. build up =

(A) John has built up his own business. He owns a hotel. (B) He has a successful business. He built it up himself. (C) You have to work hard to build up your own business. (D) He was successful in building up his own business. (A) Джон создал свой ​​собственный бизнес. Он владеет отелем. (Б) У него есть успешный бизнес. Он построил его сам. (C), вы должны упорно трудиться, чтобы создать свой собственный бизнес. (D) Он был успешным в создании собственного бизнеса.

4. retire =

(A) My uncle was a pilot with the airlines. He just retired last month. (B) Are you going to retire this year? (C) When he retires, he’s going to Florida. (D) My father retired last year after working for 35 years. (A) Мой дядя был пилотом с авиакомпаниями. Он только что ушел в прошлом месяце. (B) Вы собираетесь выйти на пенсию в этом году? (C) Когда он выходит на пенсию, он собирается во Флориду. (D) Мой отец отставку в прошлом году после работы в течение 35 лет.

5. be promoted =

(A) My brother was just promoted to the rank of lieutenant. (B) When he’s promoted again, he’ll be a captain. (C) John is being promoted to the rank of major this month. (D) Mr. Jones has been promoted. He’s now the office manager. (A) Мой брат просто повышен до звания старшего лейтенанта. (B) Когда он способствовал снова, он будет капитаном. (C) Джон выдвигается на звание майора в этом месяце. (D) Мистер Джонс был повышен. Он теперь офис-менеджера.

6. run (for) =

(A) Mr. Smith is a politician. He’s running for election as governor. (B) You ran for election as governor in 1958, didn’t you? (C) If he runs for election, he’ll be elected governor. (D) If you had run for election, I’m sure you would have won. (A) г-н Смит является политиком. Он бежит для избрания в качестве губернатора. (B) Вы баллотировался на выборах губернатора в 1958 году, не так ли? (C) Если он работает на выборах, он будет избран губернатором. (D) Если бы вы участвовать в выборах, я уверен, вы бы выиграли.

7. be appointed =

(A) After a successful career in business, he was appointed ambassador. (B) When were you appointed president of the university? (C) If you were to be appointed ambassador, what country would you like to go to? (D) George is being appointed the new ambassador to this country. (А) После успешной карьеры в бизнесе, он был назначен послом. (B) Когда вы были назначены президентом университета? (C) Если вы должны были быть назначены послом, в какой стране вы хотели бы пойти? (D) Джордж был назначен новым послом в этой стране.

Word/Phrase Substitution Drills

1a I’m a federal employee. I work for the Department of Labor .

1b I’m a federal employee. I work for the Department of Commerce .

1c I’m a federal employee. I work for the Department of Agriculture .

1d I’m a federal employee. I work for the Department of State .

1e I’m a federal employee. I work for the Department of Justice .

2a What kind of work do you do? Are you a salesman?

2b What kind of work do you do? Are you a truck driver?

2c What kind of work do you do? Are you a bus driver?

2d What kind of work do you do? Are you a department store clerk?

2e What kind of work do you do? Are you a government worker?

3a As soon as I complete my training, I’m going to be a bank teller.

3b As soon as I complete my training, I’m going to be a missile expert.

3c As soon as I complete my training, I’m going to be a pilot.

3d As soon as I complete my training, I’m going to be a hotel manager.

3e As soon as I complete my training, I’m going to be a bookkeeper.

4a John has built up his own business. He owns a hotel.

4b John has built up his own business. He has a taxicab company.

4c John has built up his own business. He manages a shoe factory.

4d John has built up his own business. He is a florist.

4e John has built up his own business. He has a barbershop.

4f John has built up his own business. He runs a restaurant.

5a What do you want to be when you grow up ? Have you decided yet?

5b What do you want to be after you’re on your own? Have you decided yet?

5c What do you want to be when you finish your training? Have you decided yet?

5d What do you want to be after you finish school? Have you decided yet?

6a I like painting, but I wouldn’t want it to be my life’s work.

6b I like working in an office, but I wouldn’t want it to be my life’s work.

6c I like writing, but I wouldn’t want it to be my life’s work.

6d I like music, but I wouldn’t want it to be my life’s work.

6e I like teaching swimming, but I wouldn’t want it to be my life’s work.

7a Have you ever thought about a career in the medical profession?

7b Have you ever thought about a career in the legal profession?

7c Have you ever thought about a career in electronics?

7d Have you ever thought about a career in medicine?

7e Have you ever thought about a career in the air force?

7f Have you ever thought about a career in the army?

7g Have you ever thought about a career in the navy?

8a My uncle was a pilot with the airlines . He just retired .

8b My uncle was a policeman with the police department. He just retired .

8c My uncle was a fireman with the fire department. He just retired .

8d My uncle was a singer with the opera company. He just retired .

8e My uncle was a conductor with the railroad. He just retired .

9a My brother’s in the army. He was just promoted to the rank of major.

9b My brother’s in the army. He was just promoted to the rank of colonel.

9c My brother’s in the army. He was just promoted to the rank of general.

9d My brother’s in the army. He was just promoted to the rank of lieutenant.

9e My brother’s in the army. He was just promoted to the rank of captain.

10a I have a good-paying job with excellent hours .

10b I have a good-paying job with good working conditions.

10c I have a good-paying job with a vacation every year.

10d I have a good-paying job with annual increases in salary.

10e I have a good-paying job with many fringe benefits.

11a My sister worked as a secretary before she got married.

11b My sister worked as an office clerk before she got married.

11c My sister worked as an airline hostess before she got married.

11d My sister worked as a nurse before she got married.

11e My sister worked as a technician before she got married.

11f My sister worked as a salesgirl in a dress shop before she got married.

12a George’s father is an attorney. He has his own practice.

12b George’s father is a dentist. He has his own practice.

12c George’s father is a medical doctor. He has his own practice.

12d George’s father is a criminal lawyer. He has his own practice.

12e George’s father is an engineer. He has his own practice.

13a He always takes pride in his work. He’s very efficient.

13b He always takes pride in his work. He’s very industrious.

13c He always takes pride in his work. He’s very meticulous.

13d He always takes pride in his work. He’s very accurate.

13e He always takes pride in his work. He’s very devoted.

13f He always takes pride in his work. He’s very dedicated.

14a Mr. Smith is a politician. He’s running for election as governor.

14b Mr. Smith is a politician. He’s running for election as mayor.

14c Mr. Smith is a politician. He’s running for election as representative.

14d Mr. Smith is a politician. He’s running for election as senator.

14e Mr. Smith is a politician. He’s running for election as president.

15a After a successful career in business, he was appointed ambassador.

15b After a successful career in politics, he was appointed ambassador.

15c After a successful career in the army, he was appointed ambassador.

15d After a successful career in the foreign service, he was appointed ambassador.

Reading Practice

Sometimes we say that someone we know is “a square peg in a round hole”. This simply means that the person we are talking about is not suited for the job he is doing. He may be a bookkeeper who really wants to be an actor or a mechanic who likes cooking. Иногда мы говорим, что кто-то, кого мы знаем, “человек не на своем месте”. Это просто означает, что человек, которого мы говорим о не подходит для этой работы он делает. Он может быть бухгалтером, кто действительно хочет быть актером или механик, который любит готовить.

Unfortunately, many people in the world are “square pegs”; they are not doing the kind of work they should be doing, for one reason or another. As a result they probably are not doing a very good job and certainly they are not happy. К сожалению, многие люди в мире являются “квадратные колышки”, они не делают вид работы, они должны делать, по той или иной причине. В результате они, вероятно, не делают очень хорошую работу и, конечно, они не счастливы.

Choosing the right career is very important. Most of us spend a great part of our lives at our jobs. For that reason we should try to find out what our talents are and how we can use them. We can do this through aptitude tests, interviews with specialists, and study of books in our field of interest. Правильный выбор карьеры это очень важно. Большинство из нас тратят большую часть нашей жизни, в нашей работе. По этой причине мы должны попытаться выяснить, что наши таланты, и как мы можем использовать их. Мы можем сделать это через тесты способностей, интервью со специалистами, изучение книг в поле нашего интереса.

There are many careers open to each of us. Perhaps we like science. Then we might prepare ourselves to be chemists, physicists, or biologists. Maybe our interests take us into the business world and such work as accounting, personnel management or public relations. Many persons find their place in government service. Teaching, newspaper work, medicine, engineering—these and many other fields offer fascinating careers to persons with talent and training. Есть много карьеры открыты для каждого из нас. Может быть, мы хотели науки. Тогда мы могли бы подготовиться к тому, чтобы быть химиками, физиками, или биологами. Может быть, наши интересы взять нас в мир бизнеса и такая работа, как бухгалтерский учет, управление персоналом и связям с общественностью. Многие люди находят свое место на государственной службе. Обучение, газета работа, медицина, инженерно-эти и многие другие области предлагают увлекательную карьеру лицам с талантом и профессиональной подготовки.

Questions

1. Why is it important to find the right career?

2. Name three ways that we can find the right career.

3. What are some of the careers found in the scientific world?

4. What do we mean by “square peg in a round hole”?

5. Do you know anyone who is not happy in his work? Is he a “square peg in a round hole”?

Word List

accurate

air force

airline

ambassador

army

attorney

bank teller

bookkeeper

career

company

conductor

criminal

dedicated

devoted

driver

efficient

expert

expert

factory

federal

fireman

florist

fringe-benefits

general

good-paying

increase

industrious

legal

lieutenant

major

meticulous

missile

navy

painting

pilot

politician

politics

practice

rank

representative

salesgirl

secretary

service

shop

taxicab

technician

worker

U.S. GOVERNMENT OFFICES

Department of Agriculture

Department of Commerce

Department of Justice

Department of Labor

Department of State

VERB FORMS

appoint

build up

manage

promote

retire

EXPRESSIONS

run a business

run for election

take pride (in)

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